Simplify GROQ query with optional fields

Sunday, May 21, 2023

In working with Sanity and GROQ, there might be instances where you need to filter data using an optional field, and want a default value to kick in when null values are returned. For instance, consider an __i18n field added after a significant amount of content was already created. In this scenario, there's a batch of content that lacks a set value. In such a case, we'd prefer to use "en" as the fallback.

1*[type=="article" && (__i18n_lang == $locale || ($locale == "en" && __i18n_lang == null) )] { ... }

This requirement can be elegantly addressed using the coalesce function directly within the filter. By doing so, we can default the __i18n field to "en" using a more straightforward and compact syntax: coalesce(__i18n, "en"). This function greatly simplifies the query, making your code cleaner and more efficient.

1*[type=="article" && coalesce(__i18n, "en")] { ... }

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